Our mission is the analyses, testing and co-development of various detection, response technologies and systems to establish a Defense Solution for various threats from unmanned systems including rogue and intentional acts
Star River has and continues compiling a Research Database of ongoing development towards civilian Unmanned Systems Technology and Incidents around the world. Now is the time to examine the potential threat from unmanned systems and start devising countermeasures that can actually thwart their use in the air, on the ground, and under water.
Star River is specializing in unmanned systems and offering the opportunity to utilize a variety of Air, Land and Sea systems. We have formed partnerships with a variety of System manufactures and integrators and are co-developing both system solutions and countermeasures for those systems.
At this point no single countermeasure is completely effective at limiting the hostile use of unmanned systems land, sea and air. However, we working to find the most effective solution.
The harsh reality is currently we are unable to manage this threat in an effective manner.
Let’s say we live in a perfect world where antiquated laws are changed and keep reasonably paced with the threats. Therefore, you could legally affect a response to a rogue UAS. This means you would have to Detect, Delay and then Respond to that system. That would mean the moment the system has been detected and identified as a threat you would need to do something to Delay and/or otherwise Respond. Successfully intercepting and neutralizing a rogue terrorist drone on a deliberate mission in this scenario requires a perfect solution. Given the current state of Counter UAS technology and approach I simply do not see that happening. As security professionals with unique views and methodologies we have realized there are some considerable flaws in the way we are trying to deal with the UAS problem.
A culmination of more than six years of research had led me to this conclusion. To have a chance in any landscape, a very sophisticated three-dimensional network would be required. The Detection system would need a battery of sensors (video, acoustic, radar, radio frequency, cellular, etc.). The system would then have to isolate any UAS within seconds after launch, and determine its identity, if it is authorized, its configuration, course, speed, altitude, and anything that can be learned about its payload.
Then, the decision to Delay and/or Respond must be made within the next few milliseconds…faster than humans are likely able to do it. That decision will require analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning but with manual input as well.
Finally, once a decision has been made then the deployment of countermeasures must be executed. The countermeasures would have to be layered in a similar manner to the Detection network to be able to spin up and respond swiftly.
These countermeasures could include various jamming devices intended to interfere with the UAS’s command and control system or GPS signals. It may also require the use of a directed energy weapon (radio frequency cannons, lasers, artillery, etc.), or some sort of interceptor drone intended to capture the rogue UAS intact.
All the aforementioned items would need a very fast network with interconnection to all ground equipment…basically, a really big, fast and smart computer. Now, here is the rub. All of this is needed just to deal with this one potential scenario which all happened in less than a minute of flight.
Okay that all sounds great but now back to reality! With regards to counter UAS technology, we are so far behind…we cannot put all of this together. Anything we do could be against the antiquated laws in place. Sadly, we could have been ahead of the game if we simply thought this through at least six or seven years ago.
The bottom line is that nothing will change until the laws change with regard to counter UAS technology. Managing rogue Unmanned Aerial Systems is a very complex issue, as I explained. And for every countermeasure created, someone somewhere will create a counter to the counter. It is not a simple process.
If you try to jam, shoot, catch or hack my drone… I will beat you. Not because the countermeasures did not work but because defeating a drone really means defeating the operator. Potentially, anything can be defeated with good, timely operational intelligence. It seems the countermeasure currently being created do not always account for that. They tend to focus on the machine and not the man. Countermeasures are much more than just technology it requires us all to stay vigilant and properly use technology but be involved.
In order to develop an effective solution, we need to step out of comfort zones and understand the real threat and not someone’s misinterpretation of the threat. Industries need to work together and collectively develop a solution. Each component of what I addressed requires the best of each field because one person or point of view will always miss something.